Trees are an essential part of our ecosystem, providing us with the oxygen we need to breathe and helping to moderate the climate by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Forests are the natural habitats of many species of animals and plants around the world. Trees also provide valuable resources for humans, such as fruit to eat, wood for fuel or construction, or for shade and shelter.
There are many amazing things to learn from trees. Below we share some of our favourite tree facts:
- The General Sherman Tree in Sequoia National Park, California, USA, is the largest known single stem tree in the world. It measures up to 52,508 cubic feet in volume.
- Extracts from the bark of trees are used in many medicinal remedies. For example, quinine, which comes from the cinchona tree, was used as a primary way of treating malaria.
- There are over 60,000 species of trees in the world. Brazil is currently home to the largest amount of tree species, amounting to 8,715 in total.
- Trees can communicate with each other. Studies have shown that trees sometimes emit volatile organic compounds in order to warn other plants about dangers. Surrounding plants will respond by preparing their defence systems.
- The oldest tree in the world is believed to be 5,062 years old. A Great Basin bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California is the longest living tree still alive today.
- Tree rings can tell us the exact year a tree was formed. This is called dendrochronology, and it is a scientific dating method used to date changes in the environment over time. They can also signify environmental changes and are also used as a means of calibrating radiocarbon dates.
- Trees have been around on Earth for nearly 400,000 million years. The first known tree is evidenced by a fossil from New York of the Wattieza genus. It is similar to a tree-fern in appearance and may have been leafless.
- Trees help reduce air pollution. Trees are a cheap and natural way to clean the air, as the leaves can absorb pollutants in order to filter the air.
- There are 3 trillion trees in the world. This means there are about 400 trees for every human! However, the Earth also loses 10 million trees every year.
- Trees can reduce the rate of erosion. They do this bybinding the soil together with their roots and by protecting the ground from rainfall.
For all your tree enquiries, give us a call today on 01732 641492.